Reported prevalence and co-morbidity of asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema: a pan-European estimation
DESIGN: A total of 6915 adults filled out a standardised questionnaire on health outcomes, including major respiratory diseases and individual characteristics.
RESULTS: Data showed that in the year preceding the survey, 3.3% of individuals had been diagnosed or treated for asthma and 6.2% for CBE. One per cent suffered simultaneously from both. Large variations were observed between cities. Physical activities and never smoking were inversely associated with CBE, independently of socio-cultural differences between the eight cities. Furthermore, both asthma and CBE were significantly related to several non-respiratory diseases, after adjustment for potential confounders.
CONCLUSION: Population-based data from eight European cities show that there is a link between chronic respiratory diseases and various non-respiratory co-morbidities that needs further investigation.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: World Health Organization European Centre for Environment and Health, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Bonn, Germany 2: Istituto di Fisiologia Clinica, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Pisa, Italy 3: Service de Pneumologie Allergologie, Hôpital Nord, Marseille, France
Publication date: 2007-06-01
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