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Free Content Clinical features in secondary and cryptogenic organising pneumonia

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Abstract:

SETTING: The clinical differences between cryptogenic organising pneumonia (COP) and secondary organising pneumonia (OP) have not been studied well.

OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical features in COP and secondary OP.

DESIGN: Causes, clinical features, treatment, radiographic studies and pathology were studied.

RESULTS: After re-evaluation, 104 patients fulfilled the diagnostic criteria, 58 for COP and 46 for secondary OP. The mean age was 68 years. Most of the patients were smokers (79/104). Infections were the most common causes of secondary OP (21/46). Cough was the most common symptom and crackles the most common sign. Crackles were more common in patients with secondary OP (P = 0.02). Transbronchial biopsy was the diagnostic test in 81/104 cases. Most patients had lowered partial oxygen pressure (PO2) and mildly restrictive spirometry, with no differences between the two groups. Radiographic features were similar. Corticosteroids were the treatment in 70% of the patients, but 27% received no pharmacological treatment. The average initial dose of steroids was 42 mg prednisolone, and was similar for both groups. Relapses were seen in 20% of cases, with no difference between the two groups.

CONCLUSION: There were no major differences in clinical features of COP and secondary OP, except that crackles were more common in secondary OP.

Keywords: bronchiolitis obliterans; clinical features; idiopathic interstitial pneumonia; organising pneumonia; radiographic features

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Department of Respiratory Medicine, Sleep and Allergy, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland 2: Department of Pathology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland 3: Department of Medicine, Akureyri Regional Hospital, Akureyri, Iceland 4: The Icelandic Heart Association, Kopavogur, Iceland

Publication date: 2007-06-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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