Clinical and epidemiological evaluation of tuberculosis in Serbia, 1990–2004
Abstract:SETTING: Republic of Serbia, excluding Kosovo.
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the clinical and epidemiological pattern of tuberculosis (TB) in Serbia during the period 1990–2004.
DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of clinical and epidemiological data on TB patients registered in annual TB reports.
RESULTS: During the 15-year period, TB incidence levelled off in Serbia. The slightly decreasing trend occurred in both total pulmonary TB (PTB) and laboratory confirmed PTB (PTB+) incidence (P > 0.05), while the trend of extra-pulmonary TB (EPTB) incidence increased slightly (P > 0.05). During the same period, TB mortality showed a significantly decreasing trend (P < 0.05). The mean annual proportion of PTB+ cases among newly reported PTB cases was 62.7%. The mean proportion of EPTB cases among total TB cases was 6.1%. The mean percentage of cases with resistance to at least one anti-tuberculosis drug was 4.8%.
CONCLUSION: Thanks to the good organisation and efficient work of anti-tuberculosis dispensaries in Serbia, as well as to the low incidence of AIDS and low frequency of Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistant strains, TB incidence did not increase during the period observed and TB mortality significantly decreased, despite markedly deteriorated socio-economic conditions during the 1990s.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Institute of Pulmonary Diseases and Tuberculosis, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia 2: Institute of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia 3: Institute of Radiology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
Publication date: June 1, 2007
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