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Free Content Treatment outcome cohort analysis in an integrated DOTS and DOTS-Plus TB program in Latvia [Short Communication]

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International guidelines for treatment outcome analysis of tuberculosis cases have been published and are widely used. They do not, however, fully address the incorporation of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases. Here we present an approach to cohort analysis of treatment outcomes for all registered TB cases, including MDR-TB cases. We analyzed all new pulmonary smear- and/or culture-positive cases registered in Latvia during 2002. Analysis of treatment outcomes at 24 months after initial case registration showed overall treatment success at 84%. This approach to outcome analysis is possible only for settings where MDR-TB treatment is established.

Keywords: cohort analysis; multidrug-resistant tuberculosis; treatment outcomes; tuberculosis

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: State Agency for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Riga, Latvia 2: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Publication date: May 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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