Tuberculosis in non-UK-born persons, England and Wales, 2001–2003
Abstract:SETTING: England and Wales, 2001–2003.
OBJECTIVES: To describe demographic and clinical characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) in non-UK-born persons and compare with UK-born cases to inform public health action and health service provision.
DESIGN: Analysis of surveillance data.
RESULTS: Among the 67% of cases who were non-UK-born, TB incidence was 88/100000 compared to 4/100000 among the UK-born. UK-born minority ethnic groups were also at increased risk of TB. Although the highest TB incidence occurred in recent entrants to the UK, nearly half the cases had been resident for ≥5 years. The majority of non-UK-born cases originated from South Asia (48%) and sub-Saharan Africa (35%). The demographic characteristics of non-UK-born and UK-born cases differed. In addition, non-UK-born cases were less likely to have pulmonary TB than the UK-born (52% vs. 73%, 2 P < 0.001), but were more likely to have isoniazid-resistant disease (8% vs. 6%, 2 P = 0.002), depending on region of birth.
CONCLUSIONS: During 2001–2003, most TB cases were non-UK-born. TB services need to take the characteristics of TB in this group into account. Furthermore, awareness of the risk of disease is required among the non-UK-born for many years after arrival into the UK, and among UK-born minority ethnic groups.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Tuberculosis Section, Respiratory Diseases Department, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, United Kingdom 2: Statistics, Modelling and Bioinformatics Department, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, United Kingdom 3: Travel and Migrant Health Section, Respiratory Diseases Department, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, United Kingdom
Publication date: 2007-05-01
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.
Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Subscribe to this Title
- International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
- Public Health Action
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites