Modification to improve efficiency of sampling schedules for BA/BE testing of FDC anti-tuberculosis drugs
Abstract:SETTING: The assessment of rifampicin (RMP) containing fixed-dose combination (FDC) formulations using in vivo bioequivalence testing is widely accepted. It would be advantageous for both the drug regulatory authorities and drug manufacturers, for optimum minimum blood testing time intervals that encompass all anti-tuberculosis active constituents in the FDC to be established.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimum blood sampling schedule for testing novel FDC anti-tuberculosis drugs, isoniazid, RMP, pyrazinamide and ethambutol
DESIGN: The results of 12 different single-dose, two-way cross-over designs are presented. The studies determined the bioavailability and bioequivalence of RMP-containing FDCs, and conformed with the requirements of the South African national drug regulatory authority for each of the active constituents.
RESULTS: The pharmacokinetic parameters to determine bioavailability and the Hauschke method to determine bioequivalence revealed that a six-point time protocol, namely 0, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 h, provides a good approximation of the area under the curve, and that an 11-point time protocol of 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 6 and 8 h provided information comparable to the conventional 15 time-points for FDCs containing up to four drugs.
CONCLUSION: The findings provide concrete economic benefit and convenience for quality assurance testing of existing and novel FDCs.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa 2: Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa 3: National Tuberculosis Research Programme, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
Publication date: February 1, 2007
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