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Free Content Towards the elimination of tuberculosis in a developing country: 25 years of tuberculosis control in Oman

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OBJECTIVE: To analyse trends of tuberculosis (TB) in Oman (1981–2005) in relation to the socio-economic development of the country.

METHODS: Data were used from the National Tuberculosis Control Programme (NTP). Information on TB cases' age, sex and type were obtained from the national book (1981–1991) and the computer database (1992–2005).

RESULTS: TB notification rates among Omani nationals declined by more than 85% from 1981 to 1995. During the period 1981–1993, the TB notification rate declined by around 15% per year, compared to only 3.6% per year in subsequent years. Males and the age group ≥50 years have higher rates than females and younger age groups, respectively. Non-nationals contributed 21% of all TB cases notified and 40% of all smear-positive cases. Of cases among nationals notified between 2004 and 2005, 95% had a family income lower than the national average.

CONCLUSION: Although TB notification in Oman has declined by more than 85% over the last 25 years, the decline has slowed down over the last 10 years, requiring a detailed analysis of existing TB control measures and implementation of additional measures for TB elimination.

Keywords: Oman; notification; socio-economic; trend; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Department of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman 2: National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Directorate of Communicable Disease and Surveillance, Ministry of Health, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman 3: Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden 4: Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of International Health (IHCAR), Karolinska Institutet, Sweden

Publication date: 2007-02-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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