TB in health care workers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of TB, clinical presentation and treatment outcomes among health care workers (HCWs) in public sector hospitals in Ethekwini Municipality, KwaZulu-Natal.
METHODS: A descriptive study using a retrospective record review for the period January 1999 to June 2004 was conducted from July 2004 to February 2005.
RESULTS: Five hundred and eighty three HCWs were diagnosed with TB. The mean incidence of TB among HCWs for the study period was 1133.0 per 100000 HCWs (standard deviation 282.8). The incidence of TB was highest in the age group 25–29 years and among paramedical staff (registered health professionals other than doctors and nurses). Clinical presentation of TB in HCWs included pulmonary TB 76.5% (n = 322) and MDR-TB 3% (n = 13). Cure was achieved in 22.2% (n = 118) of HCWs, and 40.7% (n = 212) of HCWs completed their treatment.
CONCLUSION: The incidence of TB in HCWs in KwaZulu-Natal is alarmingly high, and the high incidence in the younger age groups and the poor treatment outcomes are cause for concern.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Family and Public Health Medicine, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa 2: Department of Community Health, School of Family and Public Health Medicine, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Publication date: 2006-06-01
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