Denaturing HPLC for high-throughput screening of rifampicin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates
METHODS: A total of 132 RMP-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains with different rpoB mutation were used to optimise the running condition of dHPLC as a pilot study. A blind correlation study was subsequently done between dHPLC and in vitro RMP susceptibility tests on 3167 M. tuberculosis strains in a high-throughput clinical setting.
RESULTS: In the pilot study, rpoB mutation could be detected on 116/132 (87.9%) RMP-resistant strains by dHPLC. In the second phase of the study, 84/3107 (2.7%) clinical M. tuberculosis isolates were RMP-resistant. The sensitivity and specificity of dHPLC in the prediction of RMP resistance were 70/84 (83.3%) and 70/77 (91.0%), respectively. The specificity became 100% when 511 Leu to Pro mutation was excluded from the RMP resistance-related genetic changes.
CONCLUSION: In the detection of RMP resistance in a high-throughput laboratory setting, dHPLC has been demonstrated to be rapid, simple, workable, automatable and inexpensive in terms of running costs and the labour involved.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: Department of Health, Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory, Centre for Health Protection, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China
Publication date: 2006-06-01
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