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Free Content A one-day method for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in rural Ethiopia [Short Communication]

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Smear diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) requires three sputum examinations over 2 days. We evaluated the performance of two sputum specimens obtained on a single day (the second specimen submitted 1 h after the first) against the standard 2-day method in rural Ethiopia. A total of 243 suspects were enrolled; 52 had confirmed PTB: 49 (94%) were detected by the same-day method and 51 (98%) by the standard method (P > 0.5). The same-day approach would reduce the number of visits required for diagnosis, save resources for the health system and the patient, and ultimately improve case detection in poorer countries.

Keywords: diagnosis of tuberculosis; same-day sputum testing; smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis; tuberculosis case finding

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: St Elizabeth General Hospital, Shisong, Kumbo, Northwest Province, Cameroon 2: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom 3: Bushullo Major Health Centre, Awassa, Ethiopia

Publication date: 2006-02-01

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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