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Free Content The impact of an IEC campaign on tuberculosis awareness and health seeking behaviour in Delhi, India

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Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of an intensive IEC campaign regarding the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme launched by the Government of Delhi on awareness generation among the general population and improvement in self-reporting by symptomatic cases in Delhi, India.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

RESULTS: A pilot study wherein 1008 persons selected by systematic random sampling from the general population and 1012 patients selected from symptomatic cases reporting to DOTS centres were interviewed. Among the general population, 716 (71.0%) had been exposed to one or more IEC message through the media. The core message regarding symptoms, diagnosis, treatment centre and free treatment was recalled correctly by 144 (14.3%), 449 (44.5%), 659 (65.4%) and 900 (89.2%), respectively. In the post IEC period, a significant increase (P < 0.01) was seen in individuals self-reporting with symptoms to DOTS centres: the media message reportedly encouraged 36.3% of these to self-report. Prior to the IEC campaign only 49 (9.8%) patients had chosen a DOTS centre as first source of treatment, which increased significantly (P < 0.0001) to 104 (20.4%) post IEC.

CONCLUSION: The IEC campaign launched by the Government of Delhi has been effective in raising awareness and improving self-reporting, but it requires intensification with suitable modification to reach all sectors.

Keywords: IEC; pulmonary tuberculosis; treatment seeking

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India 2: State TB Office, Department of Health, Government of National Capital Territory, Delhi, India

Publication date: 2005-11-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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