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Free Content Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis outbreak among transvestite sex workers, Buenos Aires, Argentina [Short Communication]

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We describe the first outbreak of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) that occurred in Argentina among transvestite sex workers, and actions undertaken for its control. In Buenos Aires city, transmission was documented between 2001 and 2004 by conventional and molecular methods in a hotel where transvestites used to reside and work. The source case was traced back to 1998. Six secondary cases were diagnosed and treated. Thirty-two contacts were investigated. The outbreak strain had formerly caused nosocomial transmission in Rosario, a city 300 km from Buenos Aires. Our findings highlight the difficulties controlling MDR-TB in Argentina.

Keywords: epidemic outbreak; multidrug-resistant tuberculosis; transvestite

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: Tuberculosis Multirresistente/SIDA, Hospital Muñiz, Buenos Aires, Argentina 2: Servicio de Promoción y Protección de la Salud, Hospital Muñiz, Buenos Aires, Argentina 3: Laboratorio de Bacteriología de la Tuberculosis A Cetrángolo, Hospital Muñiz, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Publication date: 2005-10-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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