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Free Content Leadership, management and technical lessons learnt from a successful public-private partnership for TB control in Nepal

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BACKGROUND: There is considerable interest in involving private practitioners (PPs) in tuberculosis (TB) control, but little experience.

OBJECTIVE: To describe and discuss leadership, management and technical lessons learnt from the successful implementation of a public-private partnership (PPP) for TB control in Nepal.

METHODS: Description and discussion of implementation of the PPP is based on feedback from the working group charged with developing the PPP, PPs involved in diagnosis and referral, NGOs providing direct observation of treatment and tracing of late patients, and members of the Nepal National TB Programme.

FINDINGS: The process of building the partnership was slow and demoralising, yet with perseverance partners gradually increased their involvement and commitment to the PPP. Leadership was needed to foster communication and openness between partners. It was not necessary to involve all PPs: many patients bypassed PPs and went directly to the free DOTS centres.

CONCLUSION: An understanding of issues that arose during development of the Lalitpur PPP may assist assessment of the feasibility of PPPs in other settings, and increase the likelihood of successful implementation. The wider literature on partnerships may be useful to further inform the development of PPPs for health in developing countries.
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Keywords: Nepal; public-private partnerships; tuberculosis control

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Nuffield Centre for International Health and Development, Institute of Health Sciences and Public Health Research, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK 2: National TB Centre, Thimi, Nepal

Publication date: 2005-09-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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