Patient and health system delays in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in Southern Taiwan
Abstract:SETTING: Tainan city, Tainan county and 13 townships of Kaohsiung county, Southern Taiwan.
OBJECTIVE: To measure delays in the diagnosis and treatment of sputum-positive tuberculosis (TB) and to determine factors associated with delays in seeking health care (patient delay) and in starting anti-tuberculosis treatment (health system delay).
DESIGN: A population-based patient interview study.
RESULTS: Median patient delay was 7 days (range 0–730). Median health system delay was 23 days (range 0–489), 13 for smear-positive patients and 37 for smear-negative patients (P < 0.005). Median total delay was 44 days (range 0–730). Age <65 years was associated with longer patient delay. Negative smear, absence of haemoptysis, not having a chest radiograph at the first medical consultation and visiting clinics for first consultation were associated with a longer health system delay. Age <65 years, negative smear and cough as the only presenting symptom were associated with longer total delay.
CONCLUSION: Patient delay was substantially shorter than health system delay. To reduce health system delay, clinics need to be involved and the referral mechanism must be strengthened. Physicians should maintain high alert for TB and perform prompt sputum smear examinations.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France 2: Department of Health, Centre for Chest Disease, Tainan, Taiwan, Republic of China 3: College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
Publication date: September 1, 2005
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.
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