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Free Content Risk factors for drug-resistant tuberculosis among non-US-born persons in New York City

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SETTING: New York City (NYC).

OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which prior tuberculosis (TB) treatment, length of residence in the United States and other factors are associated with the occurrence of drug resistance among non-US-born persons in NYC.

DESIGN: Cases were non-US-born persons diagnosed with TB in NYC from 1998–1999 and from 2001–2002, with an initial Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolate resistant to any first-line anti-tuberculosis drug. Controls were randomly selected from non-US-born persons whose isolates were susceptible to all first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs.

RESULTS: Overall, cases with multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB were more likely to have had prior TB treatment; other drug resistance was not associated with prior TB treatment. In a multivariate model, the relationship between MDR-TB and prior treatment remained significant for non-US-born persons regardless of length of time in the US.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings underscore the utility of monitoring trends in drug resistance among the non-US-born by time in the US and prior treatment to determine where or when drug resistance may be occurring.
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Keywords: immigration; multidrug-resistant; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: Bureau of Tuberculosis Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York, USA

Publication date: 2005-09-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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