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Free Content Nosocomial transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a children's hospital

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Abstract:

An infant was admitted for evaluation of respiratory distress and tracheomalacia. After several weeks of hospitalization, both the infant and her mother were diagnosed with culture-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). Sixteen pediatric patients and 293 health care workers were evaluated for exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculin skin test conversions occurred in 6.7% of patients and 1.9% of pediatric health care workers. While nosocomial transmission of TB is relatively rare in children's hospitals, this report highlights the differences between TB control efforts in pediatric vs. adult facilities, including the importance of screening the adult visitors of children admitted with suspected TB.

Keywords: Mycobacterium tuberculosis; nosocomial; pediatric; tuberculin skin test

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian, New York, New York, USA 2: Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian, New York, New York, USA; and Department of Epidemiology, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York, USA 3: Department of Epidemiology, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York, USA 4: Occupational Health Services, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York, USA

Publication date: 2005-06-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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