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Free Content Epidemiology of lung cancer in Sardinia, Italy, from 1980 to 1996

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Abstract:

SETTING: Bronchial carcinoma is the most common cause of death among all malignant tumours. Despite a progressive increase, many Italian regions—ours included—do not have a Regional Cancer Registry.

OBJECTIVE: To assess lung cancer incidence and mortality rates in Sardinia during the period 1980–1996.

METHODS: Data were gathered by consulting hospital registers and the case notes of individual patients released from hospital with a diagnosis of bronchial carcinoma at all Sardinian medical centres between 1980 and 1996.

RESULTS: A total of 7734 patients with lung cancer were registered in Sardinia between 1980 and 1996. Data showed a steady increase in lung cancer incidence rates over the years (from 22.3/100000 in 1980 to 34.5 in 1996). The same increase was evident in mortality rates (from 25.7/100000 in 1980 to 42.9 in 1996). The increase in mortality rates was higher in women (+146%) than in men (+59.5%).

CONCLUSIONS: Results show a slow but steady increase in lung cancer incidence and mortality rates in Sardinia. The high number of smokers among lung cancer patients seems to indicate that anti-smoking campaigns need to be more effective in Sardinia.

Keywords: bronchial carcinoma; epidemiology; incidence; mortality

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: Department of Respiratory Disease, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy

Publication date: June 1, 2005

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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