Epidemiology of lung cancer in Sardinia, Italy, from 1980 to 1996
Abstract:SETTING: Bronchial carcinoma is the most common cause of death among all malignant tumours. Despite a progressive increase, many Italian regions—ours included—do not have a Regional Cancer Registry.
OBJECTIVE: To assess lung cancer incidence and mortality rates in Sardinia during the period 1980–1996.
METHODS: Data were gathered by consulting hospital registers and the case notes of individual patients released from hospital with a diagnosis of bronchial carcinoma at all Sardinian medical centres between 1980 and 1996.
RESULTS: A total of 7734 patients with lung cancer were registered in Sardinia between 1980 and 1996. Data showed a steady increase in lung cancer incidence rates over the years (from 22.3/100000 in 1980 to 34.5 in 1996). The same increase was evident in mortality rates (from 25.7/100000 in 1980 to 42.9 in 1996). The increase in mortality rates was higher in women (+146%) than in men (+59.5%).
CONCLUSIONS: Results show a slow but steady increase in lung cancer incidence and mortality rates in Sardinia. The high number of smokers among lung cancer patients seems to indicate that anti-smoking campaigns need to be more effective in Sardinia.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: Department of Respiratory Disease, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
Publication date: June 1, 2005
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