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Free Content Average annual risk of tuberculous infection in India

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Estimates of the prevalence of tuberculous infection among children 1–9 years of age were available for four defined zones of India from a recently concluded tuberculin survey. These were pooled together and the average annual risk of infection in the country was computed as 1.5%. It was higher in urban areas, at 2.2%, than in rural areas, at 1.3%. The results call for further intensification of tuberculosis control activities, especially in urban areas, greater involvement of private practitioners and information, education and communication (IEC) for high-risk groups, to reduce the diagnostic and treatment delay thereby reducing the transmission of infection in all settings.

Keywords: annual risk; control program, India; infection; tuberculin test; tuberculosis

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: National Tuberculosis Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Publication date: January 1, 2005

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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