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Free Content Tuberculosis treatment outcome and health services: a comparison of displaced and settled population groups in Khartoum, Sudan

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SETTING: The Sudan National Tuberculosis Programme serves internally displaced and settled populations in Khartoum, Sudan.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether treatment in the camps is satisfactory compared to the settled population and to World Health Organization (WHO) standards, and to map certain characteristics of the clinics that may explain differences in treatment outcome.

DESIGN: A register analysis was done on sputum smear-positive and retreatment tuberculosis patients registered consecutively in the first and second quarters of 2000. The nine health facilities from which the patients were selected were investigated using a questionnaire. State tuberculosis officers were interviewed about regional treatment policies.

RESULTS: Two hundred and ninety-five internally displaced and 154 settled patients from respectively five and four clinics were included. The cure and completion rates among new sputum smear-positive cases were significantly higher among displaced (65% and 9.3%) than among settled persons (43.5% and 21%). Displaced groups had better adherence to 5 and 8 month smear examinations, and the quantity of health education was higher in the camps than among the settled population.

CONCLUSION: Tuberculosis treatment among the displaced population in Khartoum compares favourably with the neighbouring settled population, but both groups still face serious challenges to fulfil the WHO goals.
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Keywords: health services; internally displaced people; treatment outcome; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway 2: National Tuberculosis Program, Khartoum, Sudan 3: Center for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; and Department of Lung Diseases, University of Bergen, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway

Publication date: 2005-01-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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