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Free Content Interpreting and reporting results [Research Methods]

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Creating and disseminating knowledge is the goal of research. This is accomplished through critical analysis of systematically collected and clearly reported information. Critical analysis begins with the simple step of looking at the data collected prior to applying complex statistical analysis to make comparisons. Statistical analysis is approached in a standardised manner, depending on the type of data that has been collected. When a careful, stepwise standardised approach is applied to comparisons needed to address the research question, new knowledge is created and erroneous conclusions avoided. Following careful examination and analysis of the data, critical review is an important additional step to ensure that conclusions are correctly drawn. The process of peer review involved in publishing the research in the scientific literature is an important step to disseminating the new knowledge and ensuring its quality. Research is never complete without submitting it for publication in the peer-reviewed literature.

Keywords: education; lung; protocol; research

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: 1: Scientific Activities Unit, International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France 2: University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada 3: Emeritus Professor of Public Health Medicine, Imperial College, University of London, London, United Kingdom 4: Department of Thoracic Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway

Publication date: December 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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