Risk factors for defaulting from anti-tuberculosis treatment under directly observed treatment in Hong Kong
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for defaulting from anti-tuberculosis treatment.
SETTING: Directly observed treatment in Hong Kong Government chest clinics.
DESIGN: Defaulters were recruited from a cohort of tuberculosis patients registered from 1 January to 31 March 1999. Three controls per case, matched for age and sex, were selected randomly from the cohort. Patient factors, initial tuberculosis characteristics and treatment-related variables were collected by review of medical records.
RESULTS: On matching 102 defaulters and 306 controls, a logistic risk model of default that considered patient factors, initial disease characteristics and treatment-related factors identified seven risk factors: current smoking (OR 3.00, 95%CI 1.41–6.39), past TB with default (OR 6.23, 95%CI 1.95–19.91), poor initial adherence (OR 117.21, 95%CI 13.52–1015.92), fair initial adherence (OR 11.02, 95%CI 2.15–56.43), unknown initial adherence (OR 6.59, 95%CI 3.47–12.49), treatment side effects (OR 13.30, 95%CI 3.23–54.79), and subsequent hospitalisation (OR 0.27, 95%CI 0.11–0.67). Its predictive power was 85%. Another model that considered only factors on registration for treatment gave a lower predictive power of 70%.
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment default could be predicted fairly accurately by considering patient and treatment-related factors.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: TB and Chest Service, Department of Health, Hong Kong
Publication date: 2004-12-01
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