Tuberculosis at Edendale Hospital in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
Abstract:SETTING: Edendale Hospital, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, a 1275-bed hospital that serves a mainly ethnic African population of 1.6 million.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of hospitalised active tuberculosis (TB) cases, and correlates of their in-hospital survival.
METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of adult TB cases admitted to the medical wards, 16 November to 13 December 2001.
RESULTS: Of 760 (28%) admissions, 215 had active TB, of whom 26.5% died in hospital. Patients were mostly young, first diagnosed on admission, and had pulmonary TB. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection was common and predicted by lower absolute lymphocyte count (OR 1.2, 95%CI 1.05–1.38). Extra-pulmonary TB, including pleural and pericardial, was significantly associated with not having HIV infection. In-hospital death was predicted by TB diagnosed prior to admission (OR 3.18, 95%CI 1.67–6.07), acquired immune-deficiency syndrome (AIDS) associated disease, and higher total leukocyte count—by higher leukocytes only in patients without AIDS (OR 8.52, 95%CI 2.67–27.13).
CONCLUSION: Active TB was common in in-patients at an acute care hospital. TB patients presented late in disease and had high in-hospital mortality. Early detection and effective treatment of active TB in the community is likely to reduce hospitalisation and improve survival.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa at The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 2: Edendale Hospital, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa 3: Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 4: Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa at The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; and Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Publication date: 2004-12-01
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