Tuberculosis treatment default at the Communicable Diseases Unit of Effia-Nkwanta Regional Hospital: a 2-year experience
Abstract:SETTING: Effia-Nkwanta Regional Hospital, located at Sekondi-Takoradi, the capital and third largest city of the Western Region of Ghana.
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with treatment default among tuberculosis (TB) patients registered for treatment in 2000–2001.
DESIGN: Retrospective review of institutional records of TB patients.
METHOD: The database for registered TB patients was sorted out into the six treatment outcomes. Five outcomes were combined into one variable named ‘non-defaulters’ and were compared with defaulters. Statistical significance was taken as P < 0.05.
RESULTS: The defaulter rate for all categories of patients was 13.9%. Default from treatment was significantly associated with male sex, smear positivity and living in communities far from the treatment centre. Patients in the 25–44 year age group and those put on the retreatment regimen have higher defaulter rates, but these were not statistically significant when compared to non-defaulters. The mean defaulting moment was 3.4 months. The overall probability of a patient remaining on treatment 5 months after starting was 3.6%.
CONCLUSION: Treatment centres should be sited near the patients to improve access. Further studies are needed to identify the barriers for patients in completing their treatment.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: Communicable Diseases Unit, Effia-Nkwanta Regional Hospital, Sekondi, Ghana
Publication date: 2004-11-01
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