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Free Content The oxygen concentrator: an appropriate technology for treating hypoxaemic children in developing countries

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The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends supplying oxygen in developing countries by concentrators because cylinders pose considerable logistic and financial problems. This technology was employed to treat children in a hospital in Ndioum, Senegal, who met the WHO oxygenation criteria. There were clear clinical and financial benefits, but neither the nurses' knowledge of the various techniques of oxygen supply nor the maintenance service were satisfactory. The use of concentrators should be encouraged in developing countries. A strategy including technical training, maintenance and monitoring should be adopted. Corrective actions were undertaken in Ndioum, and several concentrators are now being used on a regular basis.
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Keywords: concentrator; developing countries; hypoxaemia; oxygen therapy

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: Department of Paediatrics, Hôpital de l'Enfance, Lausanne, Switzerland 2: Department of Paediatrics, Hôpital de l'Enfance, Lausanne, Switzerland; and Swiss Lung Association, Beine, Switzerland 3: Department of Paediatrics, Ndioum Hospital, Ndioum, Senegal

Publication date: 2004-09-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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