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Free Content Quality control of anti-tuberculosis fixed-dose combination formulations in the global market: an in vitro study

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OBJECTIVE: To determine the quality, and especially the dissolution properties of rifampicin, of fixed-dose combination (FDC) formulations of anti-tuberculosis agents manufactured by major market holders in the anti-tuberculosis sector and supplied for use in national tuberculosis control programmes.

METHODS: Dissolution studies were performed for four formulations supplied by four different manufacturers in four dissolution media (0.1N and 0.01N HCl, phosphate buffer [PB] and 20% vegetable oil in PB), at four different agitation rates using USP apparatus II. The formulations were subjected to 4-week accelerated stability studies (40°C/75% RH) and evaluated for physical, chemical and dissolution stability.

RESULTS: The formulations tested complied with pharmacopeial quality control (QC) tests. The extent of rifampicin release was independent of dissolution medium; however, a slight decrease in the dissolution rate was observed in two products. More than 75% of drug was released in 45 min at all agitation intensities except 30 rpm, and 20% oil in the medium reflected fed state. Formulations were stable in the packaging conditions recommended by the manufacturer for at least 4 weeks.

CONCLUSIONS: The formulations tested passed the QC tests and were found to be stable. A decrease in the rate, although not the extent, of dissolution necessitated multiple point dissolution in gastric and intestinal pH conditions to ensure consistency in in vivo bioavailability.
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Keywords: bioavailability; dissolution; fixed-dose combination (FDC); rifampicin; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pharmaceutics, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER), Mohali, Punjab, India 2: Médecins Sans Frontières International Office, Brussels, Belgium

Publication date: 2004-09-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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