Skip to main content

Free Content Retrospective descriptive study of adult tuberculosis in Wuhan, China

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 82.1826171875 kb)
 

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate and associated factors of adult tuberculosis (TB) in the central Chinese city of Wuhan.

DESIGN: A retrospective descriptive study of 417 patients registered for TB treatment from 1 January to 31 December 2001.

RESULTS: The mean age of admission was 38.47 (median 35) years, with males aged 20–40 years mostly affected; 191 (45.8%) TB patients were classified as smear-positive, 221 (53%) smear-negative and for five (1.2%) the sputum results were not known. Of all admissions, 43 (10.32%) were retreatment cases and 50 (11.99%) were diagnosed as extra-pulmonary TB. All patients were treated under the DOTS strategy, with 391 (93.76%) cures, five (1.2%) treatment completed, five (1.2%) treatment failures, four (0.96%) deaths, three (0.72%) defaults and nine (2.16%) transfers out. Cure was associated with age (χ2 = 3.92, P < 0.05), but not with sex, retreatment TB, extra-pulmonary TB, type of treatment regimen, BCG status or delay in treatment (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: DOTS provides high TB cure rates. The reasons for the low detection rates, high retreatment rates and the increasing number of young adults affected by TB need further elucidation. For these purposes, routine human immunodeficiency virus screening and sputum culture for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and case detection may be required.

Keywords: retreatment TB; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Tongji Medical University, Wuhan, Hubei, China

Publication date: 2004-06-01

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more