NRAMP1 gene polymorphisms in susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis among the Chinese Han population: a case-control study
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential role of vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene and natural-resistance-associated macrophage protein 1 (NRAMP1) gene polymorphisms in susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in the Chinese Han population.
DESIGN: In an unmatched case-control study, 120 well defined PTB patients and 240 unrelated normal controls were enrolled. Information on potential risk factors of PTB was collected using a standard questionnaire. Genetic polymorphisms of VDR gene (TaqI and FokI) and NRAMP1 gene (INT4, D543N and 3′UTR) were analysed using PCR and RFLP. Unconditional logistic regression was performed, and odds ratios (ORs), their 95% confidence intervals (CI) and P values were estimated using maximum likelihood methods.
RESULTS: Univariate analysis demonstrated that FokI-ff homozygotes, D543N G/A and 3′UTR TGTG+/del heterozygotes occurred more frequently in patients than in controls. The crude ORs were 2.345 (95%CI 1.222–4.499), 2.590 (95%CI 1.043–6.434) and 1.890 (95%CI 1.171–3.051), respectively, compared with their corresponding common genotypes. The P values were 0.033, 0.041 and 0.030, respectively. After adjusting for exposure history and BCG immunisation in the multivariate analysis, the adjusted ORs were 4.625 (95%CI 1.737–12.312), 2.415 (95%CI 1.079–8.759) and 2.187 (95%CI 1.146–4.175), with P values of 0.002, 0.036 and 0.018, respectively. Neither univariate nor multivariate analysis disclosed any significant association between the disease and TaqI or INT4.
CONCLUSIONS: Polymorphisms in the VDR and NRAMP1 gene are statistically associated with susceptibility to PTB in the Chinese Han population.
Vitamin D receptor gene;
natural-resistance-associated macrophage protein 1 gene;
Document Type: Regular Paper
Department of Epidemiology, Beijing Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, Beijing, China
No 309 Hospital of the People's Liberation Army, Beijing, China
No 91 Hospital of the People's Liberation Army, Jining, Shandong Province, China
Department of Public Health, Centre for Decision Science in Tropical Disease Control, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Netherlands Antilles
Department of Biochemistry, Beijing Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Beijing, China
No 306 Hospital of the People's Liberation Army, Beijing, China
Publication date: April 1, 2004
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Habbema, J. D. F.