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Free Content Tuberculosis in patients with end-stage renal disease

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Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the clinical manifestations and risk factors of the mortality rate in uraemic patients with tuberculosis (TB) infection.

DESIGN: We retrospectively analysed 62 patients with uraemia and active tuberculosis who were admitted to our hospital from 1990 through 2000. The patients were followed up for 2 years after discharge or until death.

RESULTS: There were 43 men and 19 women, with a mean age of 63 ± 13 years. Extra-pulmonary TB was noted in 51.6%. The peritoneum and pleura were the two most common organs involved. Fever of unknown origin was the most common manifestation (77.4%). The corrected serum Ca2+ level of the patients was >10.5 mg/dl in 46.8%. C-reactive protein >6 mg/dl and leukocytosis (white blood cell count >10000/mm3) at presentation were noted in more than half of the patients. A reversed serum albumin/globulin ratio and leukocytosis were found to be associated with mortality rate.

CONCLUSION: More than half of the TB infections in patients with end-stage renal disease presented with extra-pulmonary involvement. Fever of unknown origin, reversed serum albumin/globulin ratio, and unexplained hypercalcaemia in maintenance dialysis patients suggested the possibility of tuberculosis.

Keywords: end-stage renal disease; hypercalcaemia; mortality; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; and National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan 2: Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Publication date: January 1, 2004

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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