The burden and impact of COPD in Asia and Africa [State of the Art]
Abstract:Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that COPD is currently the seventh leading cause of death and disability worldwide, but will rise to the fifth position by 2020. The estimated prevalence of COPD worldwide in 2001 was 1013/100000 population; it was highest in the Western Pacific Region and lowest in Africa. The mortality from COPD followed the same pattern. The prevalence of smoking is slowly decreasing in the industrialised world and rising in developing countries, especially in Asia and Africa. Cigarette consumption per adult has also decreased in the Americas, remained the same in Europe but increased in all other regions, especially the Western Pacific. Indoor air pollution from combustion of biomass/traditional fuels and coal, previous tuberculous infection, outdoor air pollution and childhood respiratory infections are other important risk factors for COPD in developing countries. The rise in morbidity and mortality from COPD will be most dramatic in Asian and African countries over the next two decades, mostly due to progressive increase in the prevalence of smoking. As developing countries can ill afford the added economic burden of COPD and other smoking-related diseases, there is an urgent need for multi-dimensional actions in reducing the main risk factor of cigarette smoking.
Document Type: Miscellaneous
Affiliations: 1: Department of Medicine, Division of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; and Respiratory Division, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada 2: International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France 3: Department of Medicine, UCT Lung Institute, University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa 4: Department of Medicine, Division of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 5: Department of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Publication date: 2004-01-01
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.
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