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Free Content Treatment results among tuberculosis patients treated by private lung specialists involved in a public-private mix project in Vietnam

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SETTING: Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

OBJECTIVES: To determine treatment outcome among patients treated by private lung specialists in a public-private mix (PPM) project for improved TB control.

METHODS: Cohorts of patients treated by private lung specialists within the PPM project and in National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) facilities were followed for up to 12 months. The quality of case management and treatment outcome was determined based on information in treatment cards. As a complement, questionnaire surveys of private providers (PPs) and patients and focus group discussions with PPs were conducted.

RESULTS: Among 400 patients treated by PPs, 36 different treatment regimens were used. Directly observed treatment was not used at all, and treatment evaluation with sputum smear microscopy and health education was inadequate. Overall treatment success was 60% and the default rate was 37%, which was considerably worse than in NTP facilities.

CONCLUSION: This PPM project, which used a combination of training, supervision, standardised referral and information system and financial incentives, did not achieve sufficiently good treatment outcome by PPs. Possible reasons for the poor outcome include absence of subsidisation of drug costs and lack of regulatory enforcement.
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Keywords: intervention; private health care; private-public mix; treatment outcome; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Pham Ngoc Thach TB and Lung Disease Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 2: Göteborg University, Department of Social Medicine, Göteborg, Sweden

Publication date: 2003-12-01

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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