Teaching tuberculosis control to medical undergraduates: the Malawi experience
Abstract:SETTING: National Tuberculosis (TB) Control Programme (NTP) and College of Medicine (COM), Malawi.
OBJECTIVES: To develop a TB/HIV module, incorporating TB control and the DOTS strategy, for 4th year medical undergraduates. To describe 1) the way in which the module was developed, 2) the contents and structure of the module, 3) the experience of teaching the module from 2000–2002, and d) the financial costs to the NTP.
DESIGN: A descriptive study.
RESULTS: The TB/HIV module, including the teaching manual, resource materials and undergraduate assessments, was developed between June and December 1999 by NTP, College of Medicine, interested stakeholders and an external consultant. The module was well received by medical undergraduates. Student knowledge, based on pre-module and post-module assessments, increased to satisfactory levels. Novel aspects of teaching, which included reading chapters in class followed by student-led knowledge reviews, modular assessments and using NTP staff as facilitators, were highly rated. The cost of developing the module was US$14070, and the recurrent annual cost of teaching the module was US$900.
CONCLUSION: The results show that a national tuberculosis control programme can work effectively with an academic medical institution in teaching medical undergraduates the important principles of country-wide TB control.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Publication date: September 1, 2003
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