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Free Content Prevention of HIV-associated respiratory illness in children in developing countries: potential benefits

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Respiratory disease accounts for a substantial proportion of illness in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children. A number of interventions are available to prevent respiratory complications; these interventions may be beneficial especially in low-income countries where the burden of human immunodeficiency virus and infectious diseases are high and where antiretroviral therapy is unavailable or unaffordable. This article reviews the potential benefits and risks for interventions that are available to prevent respiratory complications including chemoprophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and tuberculosis, use of immunisation for prevention of specific respiratory infections and non-specific measures including nutrition and micronutrient supplementation.

Keywords: HIV; PCP; children; prevention; respiratory; tuberculosis

Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: School of Child and Adolescent Health, Red Cross Childrens Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Publication date: September 1, 2003

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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