TB status among Kosovar refugees
RESULTS: The mean (SD) age was 29.2 (18.7) years of age and 29% were aged under 15 years; 79% of the refugees had escaped from urban areas in Kosovo, and 75% had an identifiable BCG scar. Among those with BCG scar, increasing age and male sex were associated with a significant tuberculin reaction: 20% had tuberculin reactions indicating latent TB infection, while 40% had negative tuberculin reactions. Approximately 4% of the refugees aged over 15 had abnormal chest X-rays, predictive of an enhanced tuberculin reaction. Four refugees had X-ray findings compatible with active TB and were treated with standard four-drug chemotherapy.
CONCLUSION: The Kosovar refugees had a high incidence of active tuberculosis (50/100000). A fifth of the BCG-vaccinated refugees needed careful follow-up to monitor possible progress from latent to active TB infection after immigration, while one in seven non-BCG-vaccinated refugees had tuberculin skin reactions compatible with latent TB infection.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: Section of Pulmonary Medicine, Medical Department, Vest-Agder Central Hospital, Kristiansand, Norway
Publication date: 2003-05-01
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