Tuberculosis treatment outcome monitoring: Blackburn 1988–2000
Abstract:SETTING: All cases of tuberculosis in a high prevalence district (population 269000) of England.
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the tuberculosis programme outcome for confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis, and all other categories of cases for 1988–2000 inclusive.
DESIGN: The outcome of all cases treated during the period 1988–2000 inclusive was assessed by agreed European outcome criteria, retrospectively for 1988–1998 and prospectively for 1999–2000.
RESULTS: A total of 729 tuberculosis cases were notified, with 209 definite (culture-positive) pulmonary cases. Of the 205 definite pulmonary cases treated in life, 182 received self-administered treatment (SAT) and 23 directly observed treatment (DOT), with an 88% cure/completion rate and a 12% death rate. The relapse rate for SAT was 1/182 (0.5%) and 1/23 for DOT (4.3%). The cure/completion rate for all patients together was 94.3%, with a relapse rate of 0.8%.
CONCLUSION: In this resource-rich setting, treatment largely by SAT, but carefully monitored, gives a very high cure/completion rate. Universal rather than selective DOT would make little additional impact on patient outcome. These outcomes are not likely to be reproduceable, however, with SAT in a resource-poor setting.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Chest Clinic, Blackburn Royal Infirmary, Blackburn, UK; and Lancashire Postgraduate School of Medicine and Health, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire, UK 2: Chest Clinic, Blackburn Royal Infirmary, Blackburn, Lancashire, UK
Publication date: 2002-08-01
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