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Free Content Screening childhood contacts of patients with smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis in Malawi [Notes from the Field]

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A survey was conducted by the National Tuberculosis Programme in 44 Malawian hospitals on screening young children aged 5 years or less in households of adults diagnosed with smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis. Of 659 hospitalised adult patients, 267 (41%) had a total of 365 young children; 56 (21%) adult patients had been informed about childhood screening, and in 31 (12%) some of their children were screened. Of the 365 young children, 33 (9%) were screened for TB—23 received isoniazid preventive therapy, six received anti-tuberculosis treatment, and in four no action was taken. Steps are needed to improve childhood screening procedures.

Keywords: Malawi; TB; childhood contact screening

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands 2: National Tuberculosis Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi

Publication date: 2002-04-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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