Tuberculose péritonéale : 27 cas dans la banlieue nord-est de Paris
Abstract:SETTING: Peritoneal tuberculosis did not disappear from France during the 1990s.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the characteristics of peritoneal tuberculosis in the north-eastern suburbs of Paris.
METHOD: A retrospective study of cases diagnosed with peritoneal tuberculosis between 1990 and 1998 in five suburban hospitals in the north-east region of Paris.
RESULTS: Twenty-seven cases of adult peritoneal tuberculosis were diagnosed. There were nine women and 18 men, with a mean age of 37.5 years, 88.9% of whom were foreign born. General and digestive symptoms — abdominal pain and/or ascites — were present in 96.3% of the cases. The mean delay in treatment was 30 days. Peritoneal involvement was isolated in 25.9% of cases, and associated with pulmonary tuberculosis in 40.7% or hepatic tuberculosis in 25.9%. Co-infection with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) was present 14.8% of cases. Culture of ascites fluid, laparoscopy and/or laparotomy (n = 17), with directed biopsy, aided in the formal diagnosis of peritoneal tuberculosis in 59.2%. One relapse and one case of multiresistance were observed. The mean duration of treatment was 9 months (range 6–12 months). Three patients received treatment with corticosteroids, and 91.2% of the patients achieved cure without sequelae.
CONCLUSION: Peritoneal tuberculosis is not rare in the Paris region. The diagnosis should be suspected in case with ascites and fever, and can be confirmed by laparoscopy with sampling for bacteriology and histology. The methods of treatment need to be standardised.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Service de Médecine Interne, de Maladies Infectieuses, Hôpital Delafontaine, Saint-Denis, France 2: Service de Médecine Interne et Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Hôpital Jean-Verdier, Bondy, France 3: Service de Maladies Infectieuses, de Pneumologie, d'Hépato-gastro-entérologie, Hôpital Avicenne, Bobigny, France 4: Service de Médecine Interne, Hôpital Robert Ballanger, Aulnay sous Bois, France 5: Service de Médecine Interne, de Rhumatologie, Hôpital Gonesse; Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Université Paris Nord, UPRES Recherche Clinique et Thérapeutique, Paris, France
Publication date: 2002-03-01
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