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Free Content Paradoxical responses in a cohort of HIV-1-infected patients with mycobacterial disease

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SETTING: Paradoxical worsening or relapse of opportunistic infections has been described after initiation of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients.

DESIGN: Retrospective study of a group of 33 HIV-infected patients with mycobacterial disease analysing the incidence and characteristics of patients with and without paradoxical response after starting HAART and/or mycobacterial treatment.

RESULTS: Nine patients in the group had paradoxical response. No significant difference of baseline characteristics was observed in these patients. The decrease in viral load was significantly greater among patients with paradoxical response than in patients without.

CONCLUSION: No clinical difference was found in the evolution of HIV-infected patients with mycobacterial disease after the resolution of the episode of paradoxical response.

Keywords: HIV; mycobacterial disease; paradoxical; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Unidad de Infección VIH, Servicio de Medicina Interna, Madrid, Spain 2: Laboratorio de Microbiología, Hospital Universitario Doce de Octubre, Madrid, Spain

Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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