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Free Content Elevated soluble CD26 levels in patients with tuberculous pleurisy

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SETTING: Several reports have shown that tuberculous infection elicits a Th1-like immune response with increased levels of IFN-γ. Recently, expression of CD26 on CD4+ lymphocytes has been shown to correlate with the production of Th1-like cytokines. We therefore hypothesized that CD26 expression might increase in tuberculous pleural effusion, and might thus be a possible marker for detecting tuberculous pleurisy.

OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: To test this hypothesis, we measured soluble CD26 levels in the serum and pleural fluid of patients with tuberculous pleurisy (TB; n = 13), carcinomatous pleurisy (CA, n = 17), empyema (EM, n = 6), and congestive heart failure (HF, n = 10).

RESULTS: The pleural CD26 levels, but not the serum CD26 levels, in patients with tuberculous pleurisy were significantly higher than those in other groups, and were correlated with levels of adenosine deaminase and interferon-gamma in the tuberculous pleural effusion. Furthermore, when the cut-off value for p-CD26 was set at 544.5 ng/ml, the positive rate for the TB group was significantly higher than that for the CA, EM and HF groups (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: These results suggest that elevation of soluble CD26 in pleural fluid is implicated in Th1-like immune response, and may be a useful marker for tuberculous pleurisy.
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Keywords: pleural effusion; pulmonary tuberculosis; tuberculous pleuritis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Jichi Medical School, Minamikawachi, Tochigi, Japan

Publication date: 01 September 2001

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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