Yield of smear, culture and amplification tests from repeated sputum induction for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis
Abstract:OBJECTIVES: To assess the yield of repeated sputum induction for the diagnosis of active tuberculosis in patients who do not produce spontaneous sputum, or with smear-negative spontaneous samples.
METHODS: Induced sputum was examined with fluorescent microscopy, two amplification methods (PCR Amplicor MTB, and MTD2), and cultured for mycobacteria using liquid (Bactec 12B) and Löwenstein-Jensen media. Bronchoscopy and collection of other specimens were performed at the discretion of the treating physician.
RESULTS: A total of 1115 sputum inductions performed in 500 patients without adverse events yielded an adequate specimen in 1113 (99.8%), and microbiological confirmation in 43 of 44 (98%) culture-positive active TB cases. Yield increased with repeated sputum induction. The cumulative yield for acid-fast bacilli smear and mycobacterial culture was 64% and 70% respectively for one, 81% and 91% for two, 91% and 99% for three, and 98% and 100% for four induced samples. Yield of PCR also increased with the greater number of induced samples tested.
CONCLUSIONS: Repeated sputum induction could considerably improve diagnostic accuracy for pulmonary TB.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Canada and Respiratory Epidemiology Unit, McGill University, Montreal, Canada 2: Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Canada 3: Hopital Maisonneuve Rosemont, University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada 4: Department of Microbiology, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Publication date: 2001-09-01
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