Skip to main content

Free Content Variation in vulnerability to tuberculosis in America today: random, or legacies of different ancestral epidemics?

Download Article:
(PDF 431.8818359375 kb)
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that vulnerability to infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the norm for mankind but innate resistance to the infection is common in the USA today as a legacy of TB epidemics survived by oneÕs ancestors.

MEASUREMENTS: A reaction of 10 mm or more to a tuberculin skin test (TST) was used to determine the prevalence of infection following community outbreaks of the disease. For further information, a survey was conducted of prevalence of tuberculin reactivity among health-care workers with frequent exposures to tuberculosis patients during bronchoscopy and sputum collection.

RESULTS: Sixty per cent of African Americans exposed in 26 community outbreaks were TST positive compared to only 40% of whites following comparable exposures. Similarly only 56 (41.2%) of 136 heavily exposed white health-care workers were TST positive.

CONCLUSIONS: When considered in conjunction with contrasting ancestral histories of exposure to TB, these observations suggest a difference in frequency of an innate ability to respond protectively to M. tuberculosis and to mount an effective mechanism to destroy it. This is best explained as a process of natural selection among largely separate heavily exposed ancestors. Several recent reports have identified genetically mediated mechanisms of immunity that could be involved with reduced vulnerability to tuberculosis. An understanding of these processes could aid in the development of immunomodulatory agents or vaccines.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: ancestral tuberculosis epidemics; innate resistance; natural selection for resistance; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: Former Director, Tuberculosis Program, Arkansas Department of Health, Professor of Medicine, Emeritus, University of Arkansas College of Medicine, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA

Publication date: 2001-09-01

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • Public Health Action
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more