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Free Content Attention to gender issues in tuberculosis control [Unresolved Issues]

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Although a seventy per cent excess of male over female TB cases are reported globally each year, the reasons for this difference are unclear. Generally, women in poor countries confront more barriers than men in accessing health care services. Yet, research is lacking to explain the impact of gender inequalities in access to care on reported sex ratios for TB. A review of the limited available literature and field visits to TB programmes offered insights and suggested a framework to study gender differentials in TB. This paper considers the role of gender at various steps in effective TB care. A research strategy to study and account for gender differences in TB control is proposed.
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Keywords: access to care; gender; research strategy; sex; tuberculosis

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: 1: Strategy Development and Monitoring for Endemic Bacterial and Viral Diseases (EBV), Communicable Disease Control, Prevention and Eradication (CPE), World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland 2: Foundation for Research in Community Health, Worli, Mumbai/Pune, India 3: Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland 4: Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK 5: Royal Netherlands Tuberculosis Association (KNCV), The Hague, Netherlands 6: Task Force on Gender Sensitive Interventions, UNDP/WORLD BANK/WHO special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland

Publication date: 2001-03-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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