The large declines in the incidence of tuberculosis over time in the industrially developed nations have usually been attributed to natural selection or to socio-economic improvements. Both explanations are beset with problems, as there is little firm evidence for the occurrence of natural selection of resistance to tuberculosis to any significant extent, and doubts have been expressed as to whether the incidence of a disease can be directly related to measures of socio-economic change without consideration of the impact of the many specific public health measures that have been taken. In addition, analyses of the changing prevalence of tuberculosis must consider the impact of changing environmental and ecological factors that affect, for example, the immunising effect of exposure to Mycobacterium bovis and saprophytic mycobacteria. It is also necessary to determine whether the causative organism is undergoing evolutionary change, as recent reports suggest.
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Document Type: Miscellaneous
Centre for Infectious Diseases and International Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
Department of Geography, University College London, UK
Publication date: 2001-03-01
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