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Free Content Incidence of pericardial effusion in pulmonary tuberculosis

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Tuberculosis (TB) is one cause of pericardial disease. In order to know the incidence of tuberculous pericardial effusion (TPE) in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PT), the factors associated with their presence and whether human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients have a higher risk, we analyzed different parameters and performed an echocardiography to evaluate the presence of TPE. The incidence of TPE was 14.1%, and the presence of pleural effusion was associated with TPE (OR 24.39). HIV patients do not have a higher risk of TPE, independently of immunosuppression. It is necessary to eliminate the presence of TPE in patients with PT, mainly in those with pleural effusion.

Keywords: HIV; M. tuberculosis; echocardiography; pericardial effusion

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: Servicio de Medicina Interna y Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital de La Rioja, LogroƱo, Spain

Publication date: 2000-12-01

More about this publication?
  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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