Health sector reform in Brazil: impact on tuberculosis control [Country Case Report]
Abstract:This paper comments on the reform process of the health sector policies that took place after 1986 in Brazil, and its negative impact on the National Tuberculosis Control Programme (NTP). Decentralisation was followed by a slow transition from a vertical programme to an integrated programme. In 1990, the NTP was dismantled due to fiscal constraints, and in 1992, the NTP component was reorganised, with national and regional co-ordinators and subsequent increased support to state programmes. In 1996, the health sector reform continued its process, but this consisted mainly of cuts in health budgets and rapid decentralisation from federal level to unprepared states and municipalities, leading to the weakening of local tuberculosis control programmes. Only recently has government commitment been secured, with a new National Plan on Tuberculosis Control which includes the World Health Organization strategy for TB control—the implementation of the DOTS strategy (directly-observed treatment, short-course)—and efforts are being concentrated in 5500 municipalities. The programme has a centralised administration which supports decentralised implementation through out-patient clinics, and resources will be focused on local service delivery.
Document Type: Miscellaneous
Affiliations: 1: Discipline of Pneumology, School of Medicine and University Hospital Clementino Fraga Filho, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2: National Co-ordinator of Lung Health, DGPES/SPS/Ministry of Health, Brasilia, Brazil
Publication date: July 1, 2000
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