Hospital admission policy for tuberculosis in pulmonary centres in Italy: a national survey
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate: 1) hospitalisation practices (criteria for admission/discharge; duration of hospitalisation) as primary end-points; and 2) as secondary end-points the availability of beds, the preventive measures adopted to reduce the spread of infection, the sources of referral for hospitalisation and the procedures adopted to follow up TB patients after discharge.
DESIGN: A 26-point questionnaire mailed to 203 PCs.
RESULTS: Of 167 PCs that responded to the questionnaire (82.3%), 159 questionnaires were considered valid for the analysis (110 from hospitals PCs and 49 from out-patient PCs). The criteria adopted by PCs to admit TB patients were: all TB cases 47%, only smear-positive pulmonary TB 14%, TB cases with clinical problems 39%. Hospital PCs hospitalised significantly more cases of smear-negative, extra-pulmonary TB. On average 71.6% of all cases were hospitalised (88.2% by hospital and 28% by out-patient PCs). The median hospital stay was 34 days for sputum smear-positive, 20 for sputum smear-negative and 21.5 for extra-pulmonary TB cases. Sputum conversion was considered the mandatory criterion to allow discharge from 61% of hospital PCs.
CONCLUSION: A switch from the present policy (majority of cases hospitalised for a long period) to an out-patient oriented policy needs the co-ordinated educational effort of scientific societies and health authorities.
Document Type: Regular Paper
Affiliations: 1: U.O. Pneumologia II, Azienda Ospedaliera Careggi, Firenze, Italy 2: Ospedale Vecchiazzano, Forlì, Italy 3: Istituto Villa Marelli, Milano, Italy 4: Università di Perugia, Italy 5: Ospedale di Bormio e Sondalo, Italy 6: Ospedale di Vittorio Veneto, Italy 7: Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri, Care and Research Institute, Tradate, Italy
Publication date: 01 November 1999
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