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Free Content Restriction fragment length polymorphism screening of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates: population surveillance for targeting disease transmission in a community

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Abstract:

Setting: Alabama State Tuberculosis Control Program, USA.

Objective: To combine molecular screening data with routine information to assess transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and improve control efforts.

Design: Since January 1994, samples from tuberculosis cases statewide have been systematically analyzed by IS6110 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). All cases during 1994–1995 with a predominate RFLP pattern were evaluated and risk factors assessed. pTBN12 was used to evaluate a large cluster in the Birmingham-Jefferson County (BJC) area.

Results: Statewide, a common two-band pattern was found, named JH2 (99/566, 17.5%). The most important risk associated with this pattern was homelessness (odds ratio. 8.9; P < 0.001). In the BJC area, the homeless accounted for 29% (51/175) of new cases diagnosed during the study period. For the BJC homeless, there were 13 unique RFLP patterns, and JH2 was predominant (29/33, 88%) among three clusters. Secondary analysis of the homeless JH2 cluster revealed a large group that included 19 of 24 (79%) isolates analyzed. Compared with the BJC non homeless (n = 124), the homeless were younger (P < 0.001), of male gender (P < 0.001), black race (P = 0.002), and were heavy alcohol (P < 0.001) and non-injection drug (P = 0.001) users.

Conclusions: By screening tuberculosis cases statewide, a common two-band RFLP pattern was identified. Its predominance is explained by an ongoing tuberculosis epidemic among Birmingham's homeless population, highlighting RFLP as a tool for population surveillance. The pattern differences observed by pTBN12 typing clearly demonstrate that the isolates might be related but are not clonal.

Keywords: RFLP; homeless persons; molecular epidemiology; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA; and Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA 2: Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA 3: Jefferson County Health Department, Birmingham, Alabama, USA

Publication date: August 1, 1998

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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