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Free Content Acute liver failure caused by isoniazid in a child receiving carbamazepine [Case Study]

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We report a case of a 10-year-old boy, being treated for seizures with carbamazepine, who developed acute liver failure within four days of initiation of therapy for suspected tuberculosis with isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol. Isoniazid-induced liver disease was diagnosed. The likely role of carbamazepine and rifampin in potentiating the hepatotoxicity of isoniazid, and the importance of early recognition of isoniazid-induced liver disease, are discussed.
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Keywords: carbamazepine; drug interactions; hepatotoxicity; isoniazid

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, and Pharmacy, Egleston Children's Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Publication date: 1998-07-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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