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Free Content Valvular endocarditis due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis [Case Study]

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Granulomas due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis are rarely observed in valvular structures. When observed, they are associated with disseminated tuberculosis in immunocompromised patients. We report the first case of tuberculous valvular endocarditis isolated in an immunocompetent patient. The patient had severe mitral valve regurgitation due to a perforation of the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve. M. tuberculosis was cultured from the vegetations and no other tuberculous foci were identified. This case exemplifies the protean manifestations of M. tuberculosis infections.

Keywords: endocarditis; tuberculosis; valvular

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, NYU Medical Center and Bellevue Chest Service, New York, New York, USA 2: Zürcher Höhenklinik Wald, Switzerland

Publication date: May 1, 1998

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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