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Free Content Cohort analyses of the treatment of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients under programme conditions in Korea, 1983–1994

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Abstract:

Setting: Cohort analyses of the results of sputum smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients registered in health centres in Korea under programme conditions from 1983 to 1994.

Objective: To assess the overall treatment results and their annual changing trend.

Design: Retrospective sample surveys of the nationwide treatment results of registered new smear-positive and retreatment patients.

Results: The numbers of registered smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients have decreased steadily, from over 35000 in 1983 to about 14000 in 1994. Over 90% of health centres, and 60–80% of registered patients, were covered in the cohort analyses. The overall cure rate for all patients was 56% in 1983; this improved to around 80% in the last three years of the period studied, owing to increased use of short-course chemotherapy. Over 5000 patients per year required retreatment during the first four years; this number decreased steadily to less than 700 in 1994, due to the reduction in initial treatment failures.

Conclusion: The overall treatment results have improved significantly in Korea, due to the application of short-course chemotherapy.

Keywords: Korea; cohort analyses; treatment; tuberculosis

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: Korean Institute of Tuberculosis/Korean National Tuberculosis Association, Seoul, Korea

Publication date: May 1, 1998

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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