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Free Content A resected case of Mycobacterium szulgai pulmonary disease

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We present the first reported case of Mycobacterium szulgai pulmonary disease that needed surgical resection due to unsuccessful antimycobacterial chemotherapy. The patient was a non-immunocompromised 48-year-old male who presented with hemoptysis and whose sputum cultures repeatedly yielded M. szulgai. Antimycobacterial chemotherapy with isoniazid (INH) and rifampin (RMP)/ethambutol (EMB) for three years had been unsuccessful, and subsequent chemotherapy with RMP, EMB, ethionamide and kanamycin had to be discontinued due to liver dysfunction. Surgical resection was finally performed, and resulted in a favorable outcome. Although M. szulgai pulmonary disease is usually well controlled by antimycobacterial chemotherapy alone, surgical treatment may be necessary in some cases.
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Keywords: Mycobacterium szulgai; pulmonary disease; surgical resection

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: Department of Infection and Inflammation, Chest Disease Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 2: Department of Thoracic Surgery, Chest Disease Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Publication date: 1998-03-01

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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